Aggregates represent 60-80% of the concrete volume and 70-85% of the concrete mass. The aggregate is also very important for the strength, thermal and elastic properties of concrete, dimensional stability and volume stability. Cement is more likely to be affected by shrinkage.
Concrete aggregatesare composed of geological materials such as gravel, sand and crushed rock.
The particle size determines whether it is a coarse-grained aggregate (e.g., gravel) or a fine aggregate (e.g., the resulting concrete can be used in its natural or crushed state, according to its use and application). In its simplest form, concrete is a mixture of paste and aggregates (sand & rock). The paste, composed of cement and water, coats the surface of fine (sand) and coarse-grained aggregates (rocks) and binds them together into a rock-like mass known as concrete. Email Address Required Invalid Email Address Invalid Email Address ACI Resource Center Southern California Midwest Page may have been updated, moved, or deleted.
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Enter this 5-digit unlock code on the website. Therefore, it is desirable to minimize the amount of paste consistent with the production of concrete that can be handled, compacted and finished while providing the necessary strength and durability. In addition, aggregates must be clean and free of any matter that may affect the quality of the concrete. It consists of a wide range of materials such as gravel, sand, slag, crushed stone and even recycled concrete.
While the percentage may differ between concrete products and suppliers, the aggregate in concrete generally comprises 60% and 75% of the mix. A properly proportioned concrete mix will possess the desired workability for fresh concrete and the durability and strength required for hardened concrete. It is important to understand the different types of concrete aggregates and their uses in order to successfully exploit their full potential at the time of construction. Since the vast majority of the concrete mix is going to be added, you can see why choosing the right aggregate and amount of aggregate is so essential.
The use of aggregate materials for concrete reduces production costs and increases the strength of concrete mixes. In general, using less water produces higher quality concrete as long as the concrete is properly placed, consolidated and cured. The key to achieving a strong and durable concrete lies in the careful dosing and mixing of the ingredients. Aggregate is commonly considered inert filler, accounting for 60 to 80 percent of the volume and 70 to 85 percent of the weight of concrete.
The materials participate in the hydration reaction and significantly improve the strength, permeability and durability of concrete. Excessive impurities in the mixing water can not only affect the time and strength of concrete, but can also cause efflorescence, staining, reinforcement corrosion, volume instability, and reduced durability. The BSG of an aggregate is not directly related to its particular performance, although the BSG specification is often made to meet minimum density requirements. Specifications generally set limits for chlorides, sulfates, alkalis, and solids in mixing water, unless tests indicate that water will not adversely affect concrete properties.
Aggregates greatly influence freshly mixed and hardened concrete properties, mix ratios and economy. .