What types of concrete finishes are there?

Broom finish concrete is a trowel-finished concrete taken a step further. With this type of finish, the concrete surface is first leveled, and then “closed” with a trowel or a similar smoothing method. After this, workers drag a special broom across the surface. Dragging creates a rougher texture than troweling alone.

Not only does it look good, but it also provides more traction for areas that could slip when wet. Both trowel finish and broom finish require an aggregate of sand and rock. Exposed Aggregate Finish Reveals Aggregates Mixing Into Concrete. The aggregates used for this finish are usually chosen for their appearance, unlike other finishes where they are not really seen.

The finish of the exposed aggregate is achieved by washing the top layer of cement to allow the aggregate to be seen through. Aggregates can be attractive stones, seashells, colored glass, granite and other resistant materials. Concrete with exposed aggregate finish provides a safe, non-slip surface. This makes it functional and attractive.

Ideal for sidewalks, porches and corridors between buildings. Salt finish in concrete is often used around swimming pools or other wet areas. Applying rock salt to the surface of wet (uncured) concrete creates this finish. Tinted concrete is a concrete to which color is added after it has been leveled and cured.

Most concrete dyes are subtle or earthy colors, but there are many colors available. Stains take on ordinary concrete and give it depth and appeal. Smooth trowelling concrete is created when the cement mason uses a manual trowel or steel machine to close the exposed surface of the concrete project. Usually, concrete with slippery trowel can be found as garage floors, basement floors, warehouse floors, and covered front porches.

More labor and time is required to produce the smooth trowel concrete finish, since the concrete must be hard enough for the cement finisher to walk, it kneel, ride or walk behind a mechanical finishing trowel machine. Broom finished concrete is similar to smooth trowel concrete, since both contain the same ingredients. The broom-finished concrete surface is closed and then a special broom attachment is pulled across the surface to create a distinctive rough texture. Although most Benhardt Construction broom-finished concrete projects are closed by hand prior to cleaning.

The benefits of broom-finished concrete are that it has good traction and is visually appealing. The drawback of broom-finished concrete is that it is a bit more difficult to clean, since it has a rough texture. Exposed aggregate concrete is the first finished concrete product on the list that uses a different aggregate than the smooth trowel or broom finish. Smooth trowel concrete and broom-finished concrete use limestone, while exposed aggregate concrete offers many river stone options.

Stamped concrete can be finished to imitate stone, brick, wood and many other materials. The process for finishing Stamped Concrete is very similar to what we have already learned. Very large and heavy rubber mats with the patterned concrete texture or patterned concrete pattern you chose will be placed in a pattern after the release (flour) has spread over the surface area. The benefits of stamped concrete are impressive.

Stamped concrete works great around swimming pools, kitchens and outdoor patios, cellars, you name it. There are a multitude of options across the board that will suit your needs and tastes.

Decorative concrete

refers for the most part to improvements that can be made to existing concrete. However, stamped concrete is decorative concrete.

The decorative concrete being talked about here is when acids, stains, sprays, binders and epoxies are at play. Acid Dyed Concrete Metallic Epoxy Vinyl Chip Epoxy Polished Concrete Paddle Concrete Overlays Stamped Concrete Overlays. In general, the stamped concrete finish is an innovative way to add some designs and textures to the surrounding environment. A salt-finished concrete surface can be achieved by spraying coarse-grained rock salt crystals onto fine-level wet concrete.

Once the concrete mix is well dried, rinse off the salt particles. This will result in a rough, subtle texture that offers excellent slip resistance, making this concrete finish suitable for swimming pools and the surrounding wet areas. If you want a sleek, smooth surface, but nothing too flashy, try the concrete stain finish. To create this type of concrete surface, various tinting agents can be used to change the color of concrete.

You can choose between neon and neutral tones, or incorporate water-based acrylic dyes to create more colors. As already mentioned above, a trowel finish is best suited for roof slabs and general commercial areas. Thereafter, a salt finish or any other non-slip concrete application is preferred for swimming pools and other wet areas. Patterned concrete, commonly known as textured or printed concrete, is a type of concrete finish designed to resemble brick, natural stone such as slate or slab, tile, and even wood.

Color hardener is a popular way of coloring concrete that accentuates the patterned pattern. An exposed aggregate surface is obtained by placing concrete and then removing the top layer of cement paste to reveal the coarse-grained decorative aggregate. The most popular decorative aggregates are intensely colored natural stones, such as basalts, granite, quartz or limestone. But you can also use materials such as colored recycled glass or seashells and other interesting objects planted on the concrete surface.

Broom finishes can be light or thick depending on the broom bristles you choose. This is not a sleek finish, but it does provide a non-slip surface, which is important for safety around swimming pools. Many people believe that stamping, exposed aggregate and even broom finish require fresh concrete. But with concrete coating, the same finishes can often be obtained even on existing surfaces.

We will study the different types of concrete finishes in detail below. A concrete surface with a broom finish is a rough textured surface. The concrete surface is prepared as a trowel-finished surface. Broom finishes are best suited for parking lots and driveways and even in areas where there is a possibility of slipping due to the presence of water or moisture.

The salt finish is used around swimming pools and other similar wet areas. It is a fine-textured, non-slip surface prepared by applying rock salt to the surface of uncured concrete. The spiral finish is commonly adopted for outdoor applications, such as driveways, patios, etc. Like a broom finish, it provides very good slip resistance, specifically during the wet season.

The grinding and polishing procedure creates the polished concrete surface. Polished concrete surfaces are extremely durable and require little care. Polished concrete is constructed from existing building materials and helps improve the natural lighting of buildings by having high reflectivity, which saves energy by eliminating artificial lighting. For a pleasant appearance in the surrounding environment, the colored finish of the concrete is achieved through mixed pigments or post-cure staining.

Pigment or strains can create a colored finish on a concrete surface. Pigment-colored concrete can be made by mixing the pigments directly into the concrete mix before pouring them. Stains can be applied to concrete of any age for a more intense color finish, resulting in stressed colored concrete. The application of the dye is usually followed by the application of a sealant to protect the concrete surface.

The polished concrete surface is created by the grinding and polishing process. Polished concrete surfaces are exceptionally durable and require little maintenance. Polished concrete is made from recycled building materials. It has a high reflectivity, which helps improve natural lighting in buildings and saves energy by eliminating the need for artificial lighting.

Stamped concrete is a decorative form of finishing concrete. The concrete finish has a shape that looks something different. Concrete can be cast to resemble tiles, bricks, slate, wood, or granite. We can mix colors to deepen the illusion.

It is mainly done on walkways and patios to improve the design. It's more expensive than the broom finish, but the results are certainly more worthwhile. Patterned concrete, unlike stamped concrete, involves placing rolls of embossed paper on the surface of the concrete to achieve the desired shapes. Patterns can be brick, tile or cobblestone.

Templates create mortar joints in concrete. Stamped concrete is easier to manufacture compared to stamped concrete. An exposed aggregate finish shows the aggregate finish mixed into the concrete. We chose the aggregates used in these types of finishes because of their appearance.

In addition, we achieved the exposed finish by washing the top layer to make it more distinctive. The aggregates used can be seashells, attractive stones, granite or colored glass. Exposed aggregate finishes are functional and beautiful when it comes to providing a non-slip surface. We use saline finishes around wet areas, such as swimming pools.

We apply rock salt to an uncured concrete surface. After the concrete has cured and the salt forms small pits in the concrete, we wash the salt to give a fine, non-slip surface. Stamped concrete is the most expensive type of concrete wet finish. It takes a lot of skill and time to put the patterned pattern in place carefully.

The best finish of concrete is stamped concrete, but at the same time it is the most expensive finish. It's costly because of the amount of time it takes to place a patterned pattern evenly. Achieves a highly aesthetic appearance, especially for outdoor applications such as patios. Exposed broom, stamping and aggregate finishes work best with new concrete.

It would be useful if you made a concrete screed to change the concrete finishes on existing surfaces. Using pigments to color concrete is a simple procedure that involves mixing the pigments directly into the concrete mix before pouring them. For example, concrete columns have a particular type of finish that is different from the finish applied to concrete floors in a parking area. To achieve the desired aesthetic, designs may include bricks, stones, or other decorative patterns, sometimes imitating other typical building materials, while preserving the strength and durability of concrete.

Go through a subdivision and know quite well the conditions that existed when the concrete entrances of the construction of the new house were poured and finished. Polished concrete finishes on a concrete surface are achieved through a mechanical grinding and polishing process with the use of specialized tools and equipment to provide distinct textures with the use of a penetrating chemical. To produce a pleasing appearance that blends in with the surrounding environment, the colored finish of the concrete is achieved through pigments added with post-cure mixing or staining. Different types of aggregates can be used for this type of concrete finish, such as attractive stones, seashells, colored glass, granite, etc.

For added protection, easy cleaning and an attractive look, you can finish cured concrete with a polished surface. Concrete generally consists of about ten to fifteen percent Portland cement, sixty to seventy-five percent aggregates, and fifteen to twenty percent water. For a colored finish, the desired color is mixed with the concrete in the form of post-cure spots or pigments. The benefits of the exposed aggregates are the pure beauty, uniqueness and elegance of the finished concrete project.

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